GLOBAL EMISSIONS of carbon dioxide are all set to register an all-time high in 2018, driven by a strong growth in emissions from India, according to the latest annual report of the Global Carbon Project.
The United Nations agency said Wednesday that meeting the 2015 Paris accord's goals would significantly cut global air pollution, saving a million lives each year by 2050.
Last year, India's Carbon dioxide emissions had grown by 3.7 per cent, much lower than the average of about 6 per cent for the last 10 years, and this report had then said that it could have been partially attributable to demonetisation and GST.
World carbon dioxide emissions are estimated to have risen 2.7 percent from 2017 to 2018, according to three studies released Wednesday from the Global Carbon Project, an worldwide scientific collaboration of academics, governments and industry that tracks greenhouse gas emissions. "We can't afford to delay action any further".
CO2 emissions have now risen for a second year, the study's authors say, after three years of little to no growth from 2014 to 2016.
The Global Carbon Project also warned that despite reaching the highest levels on record, carbon dioxide emissions would probably keep increasing as economies continued to expand.
"Coal is still the mainstay of the Indian economy, and as in China, it will be a challenge for solar and wind to displace coal, given the strong growth in energy use", it said.
Guterres said climate change was already taking its toll.
For the US, it was a combination of a hot summer and cold winter that required more electricity use for heating and cooling.
The rise in 2017 was 1.6%.
The Paris accord set two goals.
He argued during a panel discussion that "this is evidenced by the results we have achieved in reducing emissions, in particular through increasing the forest cover and by supporting global climate negotiations".
In particular, "the trends have a lot to do with the ups and downs of coal use in China", Le Quere told journalists in Paris. Its data on 2017 emission shows China as the top emitter followed by the US, European Union (28 nations) and India. "If you don't think you need to take action for the sake of climate change, make sure when you think about the planet you incorporate a couple of lungs, a brain and a heart".
"It was the first time where people's choices and intentions to reduce emissions were being seen in the global (carbon) budget, as opposed to people responding to economic pressure", Mikaloff-Fletcher said.