Mongolia's Health Ministry on Tuesday urged Mongolians to properly use antibiotics following concerns of overuse in the country. "However, we know that antibiotic resistance is rising because common bacteria, which cause urinary tract infections, diarrhoea and septic wounds, among others, are becoming resistant to readily available and prescribed antibiotics". The newer antibiotics have been found to be less effective, have more side effects, cost more, and contribute to antibiotic resistance.
Antibiotics are a precious resource that are fundamental to the efficacy of cancer medicine, routine but life-saving operations such as caesarean sections and other modern medical procedures such as hip replacements.
Rev. Awitty further called for the strengthening of laboratories in the various health facilities to enable prompt confirmation of suspected infections to aid the selection of appropriate antibiotics. NPS MedicineWise programs support health professionals and consumers to use antibiotics wisely, including the 5-year Reducing Antibiotic Resistance program, which ran from 2012-2017.
Drug-resistant infections can result from poor access to antimicrobials.
Mr Agyeman-Manu said the major cause of resistance had been attributed to irresponsible use including incorrect medical indications, inappropriate self-medication, non-adherence to therapy, over-the-counter sale of antibiotics from unlicensed pharmacies and unapproved outlets and inappropriate use in animals across all sectors.
According to WHO, antibiotic resistance poses a serious threat to global health, food security and development. Ensuring that patients and animals use antibiotics only when they are really needed is critical to keeping antibiotics effective for as long as possible. These are recommended by World Health Organization as first or second-line treatment for common infections. A patient does not have to produce any prescription to buy or drugstore people need not be registered doctors to prescribe antibiotics.
"Everyone has a part to play in reducing antibiotic resistance".
Discussion on antimicrobial resistance on the November 12 airing of the MoHASHS Health Matters Radio show on RTC.
I think there is a misconception that scientists will somehow "solve" resistance, by inventing a new antibiotic. When antibiotic resistance occurs, bacteria become resistant to the antibiotic drugs used against them.
"Findings from this report confirm the need to take urgent action, such as enforcing prescription-only policies, to reduce unnecessary use of antibiotics".
The WHO introduced a classification system a year ago, saying penicillin-type drugs were recommended as the first line of defense, and that other drugs, on the "reserve" list, were a last resort and only for use when absolutely necessary.
The organisation's Global Antimicrobial Surveillance System unveiled earlier this year spoke of the widespread occurrence of antibiotic resistance.
"However, the GHA carried out its own study into this subject in 2014 and, since that time, it has formulated and implemented different initiatives to curb and rationalise its own antibiotic prescribing".